The ruins at Loy Butte -- the official name for which is the Honanki Ruins -- were constructed approximately 800 years ago by the Sinagua.  The area contains quite a few pictographs:  Picto, from the Latin prefix "pictus", when added to graph means "pictured object used to convey an idea or information".  The pictographs in this area are attributed to the Southern Sinagua culture known to inhabit the Sedona area approximately A.D. 650-1450 before mysteriously disappearing.  However, it is possible that some drawings may have been created as early as 10,000 years ago.  It is also believed that the Yavapai and Tonto-Apache tribes of later years left their marks, too. 

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HonankiHonanki is the  largest cliff dwelling ruin in the Sedona region.   The structure is situated in an alcove on the west side of Loy Butte, adjacent to Lincoln Canyon.  The Hopi word Honanki means “House of the Badger.” The site was named in 1895 by Archeologist Jesse Walter Fewks of the Smithsonian Institution after sighting a bear nearby. He had intended to name it “Bear House,” but with less than perfect command of the language he missed the spelling by one letter.   Fewks estimated that the dwelling contained about 200 rooms and accommodated a population of between 300 and 400.  These ancient ruins probably were occupied by Sinagua people between 1130 and 1280 A.D., a time frame determined by examining wooden lintels used as supports for doors, windows and roofs.
Pictograms at HonankiSome of the pictographs at Honanki.
Kokopelli w/fluteA pictograph of Kokopelli wearing some sort of headdress and playing a flute.  He is the ancient god of abundance and was called on to bring forth many good things, such as bountiful crop, or children, etc.  He is also referred to as the 'Trickster' for his ability to enchant all creatures with his mellifluous music.  In this respect he bears a striking similarity to the pagan god of nature, Pan.Animated Kokopelli
YuccaSeveral species of  yuccas are found in the Sedona region.  The one in this picture is preparing to bloom (note the towering, naked pole-like stalk).  Agaves (aka the century plant) superficially resemble yuccas, except that agaves die after blooming.  The two plants are confused often, the principal reason being that they both send up blossoms on a stalk. However, the agave's flowers are pale yellow whereas the yucca's are white. The prehistoric Indians that lived in the Sedona area used yucca leaves to weave baskets.
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